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This chapter describes some of the routines that may be used in special situations where more power or flexibility from Forms Library is needed. These routines are classified as "dirty tricks" either because they can easily mess up the normal operation of Forms Library or they depend on internal information that might change in the future, or they rely too much on the underlying window systems. Thus whenever possible, try not to use these routines.
|35.1.1 Form Events|
|35.1.2 Object Events|
It is possible to by-pass the form event processing entirely by setting a "raw callback" that sits between the event reading and dispatching stage, thus a sneak preview can be implemented and optionally the event can even be consumed before the libraries internal form processing machinery gets to it.
Use the following routines to register such a preemptive processing routine
typedef int (*FL_RAW_CALLBACK)(FL_FORM *, void *xevent); FL_RAW_CALL_BACK fl_register_raw_callback(FL_FORM *form, unsigned long mask, FL_RAW_CALLBACK callback);
mask is the event mask you are interested in (same as
the XEvent mask). The function returns the old handler for the event.
Currently only handlers for the following events are supported
FL ALL EVENT(see below)
Further, there is only one handler for each event pair, (e.g.,
ButtonRelease), thus you can't have two
separate handlers for each pair although it is possible to register a
handler only for one of them (but almost always a mistake) if you know
what you're doing. If you register a single handler for more than one
pair of events, e.g., setting mask to
KeyPressMask|ButtonPressMask, the returned old handler is
A special constant,
FL_ALL_EVENT, is defined so that the
handler registered will received all events that are selected. To
select events, use
Once an event handler is registered and the event is detected, then
instead of doing the default processing by the dispatcher, the
registered handler function is invoked. The handler function must
FL_PREEMPT if the event is consumed) and
0 otherwise so
that the internal processing of the event can continue. See the demo
program `minput2.c' for an example.
Since these kind of handlers work on a rather low level there's a
chance that they interfere with some mechanisms of the library.
Consider the case of setting a raw callback handler for mouse press
and release events, in which the handler returns
0 for mouse
press events but
FL_PREEMPT on relese events. In that case the
mouse press event results in the normal processing and e.g., a button
below the mouse will receive it (and be drawn correspondingly). To be
drawn again in its normal way it also needs to receive the release
event (even if the mouse isn't on top of it anymore when the mouse
button is released). But when the handler function doesn't also let
the release event propagate to the normal handling of events then the
button will never receive the expected release event and will stay
drawn in the way as if the release event never happened. Thus one
should avoid having different return values from the handler for pairs
of related events.
Just as you can by-pass the internal event processing for a particular form, you can also do so for an object. Unlike in raw callbacks, you can not select individual events.
The mechanism provided is via the registration of a pre-handler for an object. The pre-handler will be called before the built-in object handler. By electing to handle some of the events, a pre-handler can, in effect, replace part of the built-in handler.
In the chapter about pre-emptive handlers the API was already discussed in detail, so here we just repeat the discussion for completeness as any use of pre-emptive handler is considered "dirty tricks".
To register a pre-handler, use the following routine
typedef int (*FL_HANDLEPTR)(FL_OBJECT *obj, int event, FL_Coord mx, FL_Coord my, int key, void *raw_event); void fl_set_object_prehandler(FL_OBJECT *, FL_HANDLEPTR prehandler);
event is the generic event in the Forms Library, that is,
FL ENTER etc. The arguments
my are the mouse position and
key is the key pressed.
The last parameter,
raw_event is a pointer to the XEvent that
caused the invocation of the pre-handler. cast to a void pointer.
Notice that the pre-handler has the same function prototype as the
built-in handler. Actually they are called with the exact same
parameters by the event dispatcher. The prehandler should return
0 if the processing by the built-in handler should continue. A
return value of
FL PREEMPT will prevent the dispatcher from
calling the built-in handler.
See demo program `preemptive.c' for an example.
A similar mechanism exists for registering a post-handler, i.e., a handler invoked after the built-in handler is finished, by using
void fl_set_object_posthandler(FL_OBJECT *, FL_HANDLEPTR prehandler);
Whenever possible a post-handler should be used instead of a pre-handler.
As stated earlier,
fl_set_defaults() can be used to
modify the Forms Library's defaults prior to calling
fl_initialize(). Actually, this routine can also be used
fl_initialize() to override the values set on the
command line or in the application databases. However, overriding
users' preferences should be done with discretion. Further, setting
fl_initialize() has no
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