Re: XForms: flimage expose is slow

From: Steve Lamont (
Date: Sat Feb 17 2001 - 12:52:56 EST

  • Next message: Mauricio Vieira: "XForms: What am I doing wrong? - pixmap"

    # To subscribers of the xforms list from Steve Lamont <> :

    > I have created a canvas as follows ...
    > [...]
    > on which I place an image:
    > flimage_display(image, FL_ObjWin(canvas)) ;
    > [...]
    > Everything works fine, except that the image takes quite long (i.e a second
    > or so) to be redrawn whenever an expose event occurs. ...

    My guess, without looking at the innards of flimage_display() is that
    some rather elaborate conversion may have to take place in
    flimage_display() to match the characteristics of the X Window of the
    Canvas object. You may wish to check whether the Visual of the Canvas
    is appropriate to the image.

    > ... As
    > an experiment, I placed the image in a box rather than a canvas:
    > box = fl_add_box(FL_UP_BOX,0,0,WIDTH,HEIGHT,"");
    > flimage_display(image, FL_ObjWin(box)) ;
    > The refresh here is instantaneous...

    I'm guessing again, but I expect that XForms is doing some internal
    buffering that speeds things up. The characteristics of the Window in
    which the Box object resides may also be more appropriate to the

    My favorite trick in using a Canvas is to create a Pixmap and use the
    Xlib function XSetBackgroundPixmap() to paste the Pixmap of the image
    onto the background, then let the X server handle the refresh.

    The code is roughly as follows:

            Pixmap pixmap = flimage_to_pixmap( image, FL_ObjWin( canvas ) );

            /* Now stuff the Pixmap onto the Window's background */

            XSetBackgroundPixmap( fl_get_display(),
                                  FL_ObjWin( canvas ),
                                  pixmap );

            /* Do this to make the image appear */

            XClearWindow( fl_get_display(),
                          FL_ObjWin( canvas ) );

    Now, in your Expose handler, all you have to do is another

            XClearWindow( fl_get_display(),
                          FL_ObjWin( canvas ) );

    to refresh the image. You can do any other drawing on the image after
    this refresh operation. Obviously, if you do it after the drawing,
    the drawing will disappear -- not what you intend.

    An XFlush() may be necessary to completely cause the additional
    graphics to be drawn completely.

    If you are doing an animation, several Pixmaps could be created and
    then all you need to do is change the Window's background Pixmap and
    do an XClearWindow() to update the displayed image.

    I'm not sure if flimage_to_pximap() is documented -- it's not in my
    manual but I haven't printed out a new copy of the manual in a while.

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